The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. The half turn takes up a fair amount of footprint and can be grand in design. The spiral design is a great for a secondary staircase. These types of stairs are a bit more difficult to build than simpler stair types. Typically, there are three in a staircase: one on each side, and one in the middle. Some of the other stair types create a privacy barrier between the floors of your home. The singular form step is the usual way to refer to the structure (evidence of "the bottom/top step" abounds while evidence of "the bottom/top stair… Click the button to open the Stair Calculator dialog. It’s a space-saving design and actually looks cool. You have to know both methods because many stairs require a midspan stringer which is always … This type of staircase is great for certain types of home layouts such as one with a foyer where the door is in from the wall sufficient enough to fit in part of the stairs. L shaped stairs can help somewhat with sound transmission between floors if the stairs are contained within walls. Steps lexically has the emphasis on the single structure that is the riser and the tread. Straight stairs do not offer this privacy. Additionally, a staircase will typically contain contain a balustrade, which contains … Ladders may have wheels or fold up to move them out of the way when not in use or to prevent access. Cantilever stairs add interest and spaciousness to any room. Straight stairs only need to be connected at the top and the bottom (no intermediate supporting structure is required). The straight staircase is the simplest staircase design. It’s more interesting in design than a straight design and the turn means there will almost always be a small landing part way up. Building Box-Style Stairs Faster to frame than cut stringers, wraparound stacked boxes make a lot of sense for short, wide deck stairs. Whether your need is for a short flight of functional steps to a deck or front porch, or an interior staircase … A big part of the decision hinges on how much space you have and your home’s layout. There are two types: They’re the easiest type of stairs to ascend and descend as well as build. When talking with customers regarding stairs and railing projects, we try to verse our clients in stair design terminology. Some believe they are safer than straight stairs as the central landing reduces the number of treads one could fall in a given flight. They are certainly one of the most common types of stairs found in both residential and commercial properties. It’s actually pretty precarious. Especially in commercial buildings, straight stairs often have platforms halfway up the run of the stairs. The L shaped stair is a variation of the straight stair with a bend in some portion of the stair. Fully open (no walls on side) Fully open staircase with no walls on either side. It can be more difficult to add a handrail to these than some of the other types of stairs. They are very popular on beach front decks where space is at a premium. The stair stringer will be attached to one end of the treads and can be hidden or exposed. They have more visual interest than other stair types. See our three-quarter turn staircase photo gallery here. It’s. Since basements are often used for storage, large items can be difficult to move in and out of the basement. Open Riser Stairs and open riser staircases we class these as openplan staircases the open riser designs where you can see throught the stair treads great for leting light through and makeing rooms feel larger. With respect to footprint, it falls in the middle as to how much footprint it takes up in the home. Website Design by SmartSites, Common Stair & Railing Questions & Answers, The BEST Cable Railing You Can Buy: Top 10 Reasons, How to Install Cable Railings on Decks, 5 Easy Steps, Stair Calculator: How to Measure Stairs for a New Railing, Definition of Cable Railing, Stair and Gate Terms. See our winding stairs photo gallery here. U shaped stairs are essentially two parallel flights of straight stairs joined by a landing that creates a 180-degree turn in the walk line. These can be made with wood or metal. The landing can provide a place to stop and rest while ascending. This construction offers unobstructed views between treads and the unique staircase … Straight stairs use up a fair amount of linear space, which has to be planned for in your design. For example, they are common in homes where the grand staircase is in the entryway. Straight stairs are stairs without any changes in direction. Stairs are made of risers, treads and stringers. It include multiple landings and is usually in homes with above-average ceiling height. In addition to having stairs consisting of multiple materials, a staircase may also begin with a firm starter step, or swell step. Keuka Studios offers various types of stairs and can also design custom cable railings for existing staircases. The latter is the most cost-effective for open tread stairs, but you can also choose a combination of materials to create a more exclusive open staircase appearance. Ladders are the most difficult to navigate than stairs, especially while descending. Ladders can not be used as a primary staircase. Spiral stairs can be attractive and there are many variations on railings styles which can have a major impact on the overall appearance of the stair. The quarter-turn staircase is one where it turns 90° at some point. What are straight stairs? The main advantage of winder stairs is that they require less space than many other types of stairs. One of the key advantages of spiral stairs is their compactness. Keuka Studios, Inc. All Rights Reserved Privacy Policy It’s also a fairly simple style to build technically speaking (relative to bifurcated or winding for example). Partially open (one-wall) Staircase with wall on one side. This style can be straight like the diagram below shows or curved. They are typically the easiest to build, however, this depends a lot on the level of detail in the design. Save FIEMME 3000 DISEGNODILEGNO - Modular wooden Open staircase… Any time curves are involved it’s a more complex design so not only is the staircase curved, but so too is the wall it lies up against. Keuka Studios 1011 Rush Henrietta Town Line Rd.Rush, NY 14543, © Copyright 2021. Through careful engineering, it is possible to eliminate the landing support altogether. UNIKA 030 - Self supporting modular steel and wood Open staircase. For this reason, they are almost always located at the entry where they make the best first impression. They provide a visual barrier between floors so, they can add some privacy. The winding design is synonymous with grand. We recommend going 5 feet in diameter if you can. For instance, you don’t get a view of the lower area as you descent like you do with a winding or bifurcated staircase. This can be a very grand looking design and is great for taller ceilings. On longer flights of stairs, a landing is inserted to break up the flight. Noun ()A flight of stairs; a stairway. The bend is often 90 degrees, however, it does not have to be. A stair flight is a run of stairs or steps between landings. They can be used to access shelves that would be too high to reach normally. No landing is required if the number of risers is kept under 16 or the overall vertical height is less than 12 feet. Our skilled team is experienced in designing and constructing open … Spiral stairs follow a helical arc. Winder stairs seem to create a more seamless transition, visually, as they meander around corners. The stringer is typically located to one side or hidden in the wall which can allow for more headroom, Cantilever stairs create a more open and spacious aesthetic to the room. Straight Stairs. It is difficult to carry large items up spiral stairs. Only one person can go up or down the stairs at the same time. * *:Turning back, then, toward the basement staircase , she began to grope her way through blinding darkness, but had taken only a few uncertain steps … Straight stairs tend to be the easiest to go up and down, or, ascend/descend, as we say in the industry. Stringer: A stair stringer is a structural member that supports the treads and risers of a staircase. With computer design software, it’s easier to put together fancy and complex curved staircases for home so you do see this and winding staircases in far more homes today than 50 years ago. We set out 10 custom diagrams of different types of staircases below as well as different stair options via material, features and space-saving designs. Staircases are often overlooked for their storage space potential, but the interior architecture feature can often be converted by using the space ontop, inside, under or over the stairs … They are very common in older homes and often used as a secondary staircase. It’s relatively easy to build railings and handrails for straight stairs. Stringers are not always visible, but can be seen on stairs with open … In fact, building curved stairs represents a pinnacle of achievement for any stair builder or fabricator. However, building codes do not allow ladders to serve as a primary means of access. The steps attach to a center pole. This type can be continuous stairs or offer a landing. For this reason, they have gained popularity in modern homes. Winder stairs are a variation of an L shaped stair but instead of a flat landing, they have pie-shaped or triangular steps at the corner transition. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. Starting at the bottom of the staircase, I installed the first riser, then fit and installed the tread above it. They are also used extensively on city lofts for the same reason. There are space-saving staircases and then staircases designed to make a splash. Bifurcated is synonymous with a luxury staircase. It is for this reason that codes do not allow them to be used as the primary access to a full second floor of a home. 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